Trajektori Eskatologis Tentang Neraka Dalam Kepercayaan Timur Tengah Kuno Di Teologi Kristen


  • Yusak Tanasyah Sekolah Tinggi Teologi Moriah, Tangerang
  • Bobby Kurnia Putrawan Sekolah Tinggi Teologi Moriah
  • Robby Robert Repi Sekolah Tinggi Teologi Moriah, Tangerang



Hell, Ancient Middle Eastern Culture, Eternal Punishment


Abstract: Hell is a place that is very much feared by mankind because this place is understood as a place of punishment with an eternal sea of ​​fire for sinful humans. The term hell in some beliefs becomes a form of understanding that is not only a philosophical term but refers to a place of eternal torment that is scary. The understanding of hell from ancient Middle Eastern cultural beliefs strongly influenced Christian theology. How the beliefs of ancient Middle Eastern cultures understand what hell is, where is hell, how and why humans can go to hell. Departing from the cultural context of the ancient Middle East, the meaning and meaning of this hell became absorbed in the teachings of Christian theology. This understanding of hell in ancient Middle Eastern culture gives its own color in Christian theological understanding of punishment. In research using the trajectory method in biblical historical studies which examines the influence of hell from Ancient Middle Eastern culture which has a cross in understanding Christian theological teachings about eternal punishment for humans.


Abstrak: Neraka yang merupakan tempat yang sangat ditakutkan oleh umat manusia sebab tempat ini dimengerti sebagai tempat penghukuman dengan lautan api kekal bagi manusia yang berdosa. Istilah neraka dalam beberapa kepercayaan menjadi suatu bentuk pemahaman yang tidak hanya sekedar istilah filosofi tetapi merujuk kepada suatu tempat penyiksaan yang kekal yang menyeramkan. Pemahaman neraka dari pelbagai kepercayaan budaya Timur Tengah kuno sangat kuat mempengaruhi teologi Kristen. Bagaimana kepercayaan dari budaya Timur Tengah kuno memahami apa itu neraka, dimana itu neraka, bagaimana dan kenapa manusia dapat masuk ke dalam neraka. Berangkat dari konteks budaya Timur Tengah kuno maka pemaknaan dan arti dari neraka ini menjadi diserap dalam ajaran teologi Kristen. Pemahaman neraka dalam budaya Timur Tengah Kuno ini memberikan warna tersendiri dalam pemahaman teologi Kristen tentang penghukuman. Dalam penelitian menggunakan metode trajektori dalam studi historis biblika dimana mengkaji pengaruh neraka dari budaya Timur Tengah Kuno yang memiliki persinggungan dalam memahami ajaran teologi Kristen tentang penghukuman kekal terhadap manusia.


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How to Cite

Tanasyah, Y. ., Putrawan, B. K., & Repi, R. R. . (2022). Trajektori Eskatologis Tentang Neraka Dalam Kepercayaan Timur Tengah Kuno Di Teologi Kristen . Mitra Sriwijaya: Jurnal Teologi Dan Pendidikan Kristen, 3(2), 87-105.